Moscow is the capital of Russia, its largest cultural and scientific center. More than 12,3 mln. people live in Moscow. It is one of the most populated cities in Europe. Moscow is located in center of the European part of Russia in zone of moderately continental climate. The winter is more cold and the summer is more hot than in cities of the West and Central Europe (average temperature of January is -10°C, average temperature of July is +20°C) and cold period is longer than there (usually it continues from late September till early May, but you can experience cold weather visiting Moscow in mid-September too).

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The Red Square located just near Moscow Kremlin is central square of Moscow and the main square of Russia and one of its well-known symbols. In Soviet period the Red Square became a place where traditional military parades were held on dates of the main communist holidays: May 1 and November 7. At the Red Square you can enjoy a unique architectural ensemble including the Cathedral of St. Basil (1550s) built in honor of capturing of Kazan by troops of Ivan IV (the Terrible), the monument to liberators of Moscow from Polish–Lithuanian troops Kuzma Minin and Dimitry Pozharsky (1818) and the Our Lady of Kazan Cathedral built in honor of this liberation just during new (unsuccessful) war against Poland (1630s), the History Museum of Russia (1883), Kremlin walls and towers, the Upper Trading Arcades (GUM), Lenin’s tomb where Soviet leaders stayed during military parades (in 1953-1961 Lenin and Stalin lied here together) and necropolis at the foot of the Kremlin wall with graves of the highest leaders of Communist Party and Soviet state (Stalin, Frunze, Kalinin, Zhdanov, Dzerzhinsky, Brezhnev, Andropov etc.).

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The Moscow Film Festival established in 1959 is one of the most popular and prestige cinema forums in the world. Many great filmmakers took part in the Moscow Film Festival during its long history. Among them are Sergei Bondarchuk, Kaneto Shindo, Grigory Chukhray, Federico Fellini, Zoltán Fábri, Sergei Gerasimov, István Szabó, Pietro Germi, Stanislav Rostotsky, Damiano Damiani, Yuri Ilyenko, Andrzej Wajda, Vytautas Žalakevičius, Stanley Kramer, Ludmil Staikov, Akira Kurosawa, Ettore Scola, Juan Antonio Bardem, Georgiy Daneliya, Francesco Rosi, Krzysztof Kieślowski, Krzysztof Zanussi, Paolo and Vittorio Taviani and many others. The festival is held in late April at the Oktyabr modern multiplex cinema situated at the New Arbat Street in the city center.

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Souvenirs & Insider Tips

The most popular Russian souvenir is well-known Matryoshka (Little Matron) – wooden doll decorated with paintings with the same figures of a smaller size inside of it. The Matryoshka Doll was designed in 1890 by Sergei Malyutin, Russian painter of the Abramtsevo circle, and made by Vassily Zvyozdochkin, the best doll master from Sergiev Posad. The idea of the Matryoshka was suggested by similar Japanese Fukurokuju doll brought by wife of Savva Mamontov from the Hokkaido Island.

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Destination map

  • over 400 museums
  • over 100 theatres
  • over 100 parks

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