Moscow is the capital of Russia, its largest cultural and scientific center. Moscow is also a big tourist center with worldwide known sights that became symbols of Russia. Such symbols are of course the Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square with the St.Basil cathedral. The Red Square located just near Moscow Kremlin is central square of Moscow and the main square of Russia. At the Red Square you enjoy a unique architectural ensemble including the Cathedral of St. Basil (1550s) built in honor of capturing of Kazan by troops of Ivan IV (the Terrible), the monument to liberators of Moscow from Polish–Lithuanian troops Kuzma Minin and Dimitry Pozharsky (1818) and the Our Lady of Kazan Cathedral (1630s), the History Museum of Russia (1883), Kremlin walls and towers, the Upper Trading Arcades (GUM), Lenin’s tomb and necropolis at the foot of the Kremlin wall with graves of the highest leaders of Communist Party and Soviet state.